Biologically Inspired Synthetic Gecko Adhesives
Biomimetic Millisystem Lab
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Bibliography of Gecko Adhesion
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Gecko Project Publications:

Role of Counter-substrate Surface Energy in Macroscale Friction of Nanofiber Arrays
Yongkwan Kim, Francesca Limanto, Dae Ho Lee, Ronald S. Fearing, and Roya Maboudian, Langmuir, Jan. 20, 2012, DOI: 10.1021/la204078z

Shear Adhesion Strength of Thermoplastic Gecko-Inspired Synthetic Adhesive Exceeds Material Limits
Andrew G. Gillies and Ronald S. Fearing, Langmuir, August 17, 2011, DOI: 10.1021/la202085j.

Effect of Fiber Geometry on Macroscale Friction of Ordered Low-Density Polyethylene Nanofiber Arrays
Dae Ho Lee, Yongkwan Kim, Ronald S. Fearing, and Roya Maboudian, Langmuir, July 20, 2011. DOI: 10.1021/la201498u

Gecko-inspired Combined Lamellar and Nanofibrillar Array for Adhesion on Non-planar Surface
J. Lee, B. Bush, R. Maboudian, and R.S. Fearing
Langmuir, DOI: 10.1021/la9029672 Oct. 2009.

Hybrid CoreShell Nanowire Forests as Self-Selective Chemical Connectors,
H. Ko, J. Lee, B.E. Schubert, Y.-L. Chueh, P.W. Leu, R.S. Fearing, and A. Javey,
Nano Letters, April 24, 2009, DOI: 10.1021/nl900343b

Reducing Contact Resistance Using Compliant Nickel Nanowire Arrays
S. Baek and R. S. Fearing,
IEEE Trans. on Components and Packaging Technology,vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 859-868, Dec. 2008.

Directional adhesion of gecko-inspired angled microfiber arrays
J. Lee, R. S. Fearing, K. Komvopolous,
Applied Physics Letters, vol. 93, no. 191910, 2008. doi:10.1063/1.3006334
Copyright (2008) American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The article may be found at (

Contact Self-Cleaning of Synthetic Gecko Adhesive from Polymer Microfibers,

J. Lee and R. S. Fearing,
Langmuir 10 Sep. 2008, doi:10.102/la8021485.

Effect of surface roughness on adhesion and friction of microfibers in side contact

M. Teodorescu, C. Majidi, H. Rahnejat, and R.S. Fearing,
Proc. of the STLE/ASME Int. Joint. Tribology Conf. Oct. 20-22, 2008 Miami FL.

Macromodel for the mechanics of gecko hair adhesion ,
M.P. Reyes and R. S. Fearing
IEEE Int. Conf. Robotics and Automation, Pasadena, CA May 2008

Mechanics of a novel shear-activated microfiber array adhesive
C. Majidi and R.S. Fearing
Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 1086-U01-11, March 2008.

Adhesion of an elastic plate to a sphere ,
C. Majidi and R.S. Fearing

Proc. Royal Society, A, doi:10.1098/rspa.2007.0341, Feb. 2008

Sliding induced adhesion of stiff polymer microfiber arrays: 1. Macroscale behaviour,

J. Lee, C. Majidi, B. Schubert, R.S. Fearing
  Journal Royal Society, Interface, Jan. 22, 2008. 10.1098/rsif.2007.1308 [postprint]

Sliding induced adhesion of stiff polymer microfiber arrays: 2. Microscale behaviour,
  B. Schubert, J. Lee, C. Majidi, R.S. Fearing,
   Journal Royal Society, Interface, Jan. 22, 2008. 10.1098/rsif.2007.1309 [postprint]

Towards friction and adhesion from high modulus microfiber arrays
  B. Schubert, C. Majidi, R. E. Groff, S. Baek, B. Bush, R. Maboudian, R.S. Fearing, 
Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, 21(12-13), pp. 1297-1315 (2007).

Analysis for Shaft-loaded Membrane Delamination using Stationary Principles
   C. Majidi, R.E. Groff, and R.S. Fearing,
   Mathematics and Mechanics of Solids, January 2007, 1081286506068823.

Remarks on formulating an adhesion problem using Eulers elastica
   C. Majidi
   Mechanics Research Communications, vol. 34, pp. 85-90, 2007.

Effective elastic modulus of isolated gecko setal arrays
   K. Autumn, C. Majidi, R.E. Groff, A. Dittmore, and R. Fearing
   Journal of Experimental Biology, vol. 209, pp. 3558-3568, 2006.

High friction from a stiff polymer using micro-fiber arrays
   C. Majidi, R.E. Groff, K. Autumn, S. Baek, B.Bush, N. Gravish, R. Maboudian, Y. Maeno, B. Schubert, M. Wilkinson, and R.S. Fearing,
   Physical Review Letters, vol. 97, no. 076103, 18 August 2006.
   Copyright (2006) by the American Physical Society.

Attachment of Fiber Array Adhesive through Side Contact,
   C. S. Majidi, R.E. Groff, and R.S. Fearing,
   Journal of Applied Physics 98, 103521 (2005).

Evidence of self-cleaning in gecko setae,
   W.R. Hansen and K. Autumn,
   Proc. National Academy of Science, vol. 102, no.2, pp. 385-389, January 11, 2005.

Clumping and Packing of Nanohairs Manufactured by Nanocasting,
   C. Majidi, R. Groff, and R. Fearing
   2004 ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. IMECE2004-62142, Anaheim, CA Nov. 13-19, 2004.

Fabrication of Gecko foot-hair like nano structures and adhesion to random rough surfaces,
   D. Campolo, S.D. Jones and R. S. Fearing,
   IEEE Nano 2003 Aug 12-14, San Francisco.

Synthetic gecko foot-hair micro/nano-structures for future wall climbing robots
   Metin Sitti and Ronald S. Fearing,
   IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation, Taiwan, May/Sept. 2003.

Synthetic gecko foot-hair micro/nano-structures as dry adhesives,
   Metin Sitti and Ronald S. Fearing,
   Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, vol. 17, no.8, pp. 1055, 2003.
Nanomolding Based Fabrication of Synthetic Gecko Foot-Hairs
    M. Sitti and R.S. Fearing
    2nd IEEE Conf. on Nanotechnology, Washington, D.C. August 26-28, 2002.

Evidence for van der Waals adhesion in gecko setae.
   K. Autumn, M. Sitti, Y. Liang, A. Peattie, W. Hansen, S. Sponberg, T. Kenny, R. Fearing,
J. Israelachvili, R.J. Full.
   Proceedings of the National  Academy of Sciences, Aug. 27, 2002.

  Adhesive force of a single gecko foot-hair,
    K. Autumn, Y. Liang, T. Hsieh, W. Zesch, W.-P. Chan, T. Kenny, R. Fearing, and R.J. Full,
    Nature , vol. 405, pp. 681-685, June 8, 2000.


  1. R.J. Full, R.S. Fearing, T.W. Kenny, and K. Autumn, ``Adhesive Microstructure and Method of Forming Same'' US patent 6,737,160 May 18, 2004.
  2. R. Fearing and M. Sitti. ``An Improved Adhesive Microstructure and Method of Forming Same'', US Patent 6,872,439 March 29, 2005.
  3. R.J. Full, R.S. Fearing, T.W. Kenny, and K. Autumn, ``Adhesive Microstructure and Method of Forming Same'' US Patent 7,011,723 March 14, 2006.
  4. S.D. Jones and R.S. Fearing, ``Structure having nano-fibers on annular curved surface, method of making same and method of using same to adhere to a surface,'' US Patent 7,175,723 Feb. 13, 2007.
  5. R.J. Full, R.S. Fearing, T.W. Kenny, and K. Autumn, ``Adhesive microstructure and method of forming same,'' US Patent 7,229,685 June 12, 2007.
  6. K. Autumn, R. Fearing, and S.D. Jones, ``Fabricated adhesive microstructure for making an electrical connection,'' US Patent 7,476,982 January 13, 2009.