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Gecko Adhesion Bibliography

Last update May 2016 by R. Fearing
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Please send updates/corrections to R. Fearing.
Keywords: synthetic gecko adhesion, gecko adhesive, gecko tape



  1. K. Autumn, Y. Liang, T. Hsieh, W. Zesch, W.-P. Chan, T. Kenny, R. Fearing, and R.J. Full, ``Adhesive force of a single gecko foot-hair'', Nature, vol. 405, pp. 681-685, June 8, 2000.
  2. S. Gorb and M. Scherge, ``Biological microtribology: anisotropy in frictional forces of orthopteran attachment pads reflects the ultrastructure of a highly deformable material,'' Proc. Royal Soc. London, B., vol. 267, pp. 1239-1244, 2000.


  1. K. Autumn, M. Sitti, Y.A. Liang, A.M. Peattie, W.R. Hansen, S. Sponberg, T. Kenny, R. Fearing, J.N. Israelachvili, and R.J. Full, ``Evidence for van der Waals adhesion in gecko setae,'' Proceedings National Academy of Sciences, vol. 99, no. 19, pp. 12252-12256, September 17, 2002.
  2. A. Jagota and S.J. Bennison, ``Mechanics of Adhesion Through a Fibrillar Microstructure,'' Integrative and Comparative Biology, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 1140-1145, 2002.
  3. M. Sitti and R. S. Fearing, "Nanomolding based Fabrication of Synthetic Gecko Foot-Hair Micro/Nanostructures," Proc. of the IEEE Nanotechnology Conference, pp. 137-140, Washington, DC, USA, August 2002.


  1. E. Arzt, S. Gorb, R. Spolenak, ``From micro to nano contacts in biological attachment devices,'' Proc. Nat. Acad. Sciences, vol. 100, no. 19, pp. 10603-10606, 2003.
  2. D. Campolo, S.D. Jones and R. S. Fearing, ``Fabrication of Gecko foot-hair like nano structures and adhesion to random rough surfaces,'' IEEE Nano 2003 Aug 12-14, San Francisco.
  3. H. Gao, B. Ji, I.L. Jaeger, E. Arzt, and P. Fratzl, ``Materials become insensitive to flaws at nanoscale: Lessons from nature,'' Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, vol. 100, no. 10, pp. 5597-5600, 2003. doi:10.1073/pnas.0631609100
  4. A.K. Geim, S.V. Dubonos, I.V. Grigorieva, K.S. Novoselov, A.A. Zhukov, and S. Y. Shapoval, ``Microfabricated adhesive mimicking gecko foot-hair,'' Nature Materials, 1 June 2003.
  5. B.N.J. Persson, ``On the mechanism of adhesion in biological systems,'' Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 118, no. 16, 22 April 2003.
  6. B.N.J. Persson and S. Gorb, ``The effect of surface roughness on the adhesion of elastic plates with applications to biological systems,'' Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 119, no. 21, pp. 11437-11444, 2003.
  7. M. Sitti and R.S. Fearing, ``Synthetic Gecko Foot-Hair Micro/Nano Structures for Future Wall-Climbing Robots,'' Int. Conf. Robotics and Automation 2003, pp. 1164-1170, Taipei, Taiwan, Sept. 2003.
  8. M. Sitti and R.S. Fearing, ``Synthetic Gecko Foot-Hair Micro/Nano-Structures as Dry Adhesives,'' Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, vol. 17, no.8, pp. 1055-1074, 2003.


  1. I. Boblan, and R. Bannasch, ``Surface profile and friction force generated by insects,'' Proc. of the First Int. Industrial Conference Bionik, p. 257-261, Duesseldorf, 2004.
  2. N. J. Glassmaker, A.Jagota, C.-Y.Hui, and J. Kim, ``Design of biomimetic fibrillar interfaces: 1. Making contact'' Jnl. Royal Society London Interface, 7 July 2004.
  3. C.-Y. Hui, N.J.Glassmaker, T.Tang and A. Jagota, ``Design of biomimetic fibrillar interfaces: 2. Mechanics of enhanced adhesion,'' Jnl. Royal Society London Interface, 7 July 2004.
  4. H. Kinoshita, I. Kuma, M. Tagawa, and N. Ohmae, ``High friction of a vertically aligned carbon-nanotube film in microtribology,'' Applied Physics Letters, vol. 85, no. 14, pp. 2780-2781, 4 Oct. 2004.
  5. C. Majidi, R. Groff, and R. Fearing, ``Clumping and Packing of Nanohairs Manufactured by Nanocasting'' 2004 ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. IMECE2004-62142, Anaheim, CA Nov. 13-19, 2004.
  6. C. Menon, M. Murphy, and M. Sitti, ``Gecko Inspired Surface Climbing Robots,'' IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Biomimetics (ROBIO), Shenyang, China, Aug 2004.
  7. A. Peressadko and S.N. Gorb, ``When less is more: experimental evidence for tenacity enhancement by division of contact area,'' The Journal of Adhesion, vol. 80, pp. 247-261, 2004.
  8. Sato, H.; Houshi, Y.; and Shoji, S. ``Three-dimensional micro-structures consisting of high aspect ratio inclined micro-pillars fabricated by simple photolithography,'' Microsyst. Technol. 10(6-7):440-443, 2004.
  9. G. Shah, M. Sitti, "Modeling and Design of Biomimetic Adhesives Inspired by Gecko Foot-Hairs" IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Biomimetics (ROBIO), Shenyang, China, Aug 2004.
  10. T. Tong, Y. Zhao, L. Delzeit, A. Kashani, and A. Majumdar, ``Multiwalled carbon nanotube/nanofiber arrays as conductive and dry adhesive interface materials,'' Proc. of ASME Nano2004, Nano2004-46013, Sept. 22-24, 2004, Pasadena, CA.


  1. E. Cheung, M.E. Karagozler, S. Park, B. Kim, and M. Sitti, ``A New Endoscopic Microcapsule Robot using Beetle Inspired Microfibrillar Adhesives,'' Proc. 2005 IEEE/ASME Int. Conf. on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics, pp. 551-5557, Monterey, CA 24-28 July 2005.
  2. A.J. Crosby, M. Hageman, and A Duncan,, Controlling Polymer Adhesion with ``Pancakes'' Langmuir, vol. 21, pp. 11738-11743, 2005.
  3. J.Y. Chung and M. K. Chaudhury, ``Roles of discontinuities in bio-inspired adhesive pads,'' Jnl. Royal Society Interface, vol. 2, pp. 55-61, 2005.
  4. Daltorio K.A., Gorb S., Peressadko A., Horchler A.D., Ritzmann R.E. and Quinn R.D. (2005) " A Robot that Climbs Walls using Micro-structured Polymer Feet," International Conference on Climbing and Walking Robots (CLAWAR), London, U.K., Sept. 13-15, 2005.
  5. P.L. Dickrell, S.B. Sinnott, D.W. Hahn, N.R. Raravikar, L.S. Schadler, P.M. Ajayan, and W.G. Sawyer, ``Frictional anisotropy of oriented carbon nanotube surfaces,'' Tribology Letters, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 59-62, Jan. 2005.
  6. H. Gao, Wang X, Yao H, Gorb S and Arzt E ``Mechanics of hierarchical adhesion structures of geckos,'' Mechanics of Materials, vol. 37, pp. 275-285, 2005.
  7. W.R. Hansen and K. Autumn, ``Evidence of self-cleaning in gecko setae,'' Proc. National Academy of Science, vol. 102, no.2, pp. 385-389, January 11, 2005.
  8. G. Huber, S.N. Gorb, R. Spolenak, and E. Arzt, ``Resolving the nanoscale adhesion of individual gecko spatulae by atomic force microscopy,'' Biology Letters, 22 March 2005 vol. 1 no. 1 pp. 2-4. doi:10.1098/rsbl:2004.0254
  9. G. Huber, H. Mantz, R. Spolenak, K. Mecke, K. Jacobs, S.N. Gorb, and E. Arzt, ``Evidence for capillarity contributions to gecko adhesion from single spatula nanomechanical measurements,'' Proc. National Academy of Sciences, vol. 102, no. 45, pp. 16293-16296, 2005.
  10. M. Jin, X. Feng, L. Feng, T. Sun, J. Zhai, T. Li, L. Jiang, ``Superhydrophobic Aligned Polystyrene Nanotube Films with High Adhesive Force,'' Advanced Materials, pp. 1977-1981, vol. 17, 2005.
  11. G. La Spina, C. Stefanini, A. Menciassi, and P. Dario, ``A novel technological process for fabricating micro-tips for biomimetic adhesion,'' Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, vol. 15, pp 1576-1587, 2005.
  12. C. S. Majidi, R.E. Groff, and R.S. Fearing, ``Attachment of Fiber Array Adhesive through Side Contact,'' Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 98, 103521 (2005).
  13. M.T. Northen and K.L. Turner, ``A batch fabricated biomimetic dry adhesive,'' Nanotechnology, vol. 16, pp. 1159-1166, 2005.
  14. R. Spolenak, S. Gorb, and E. Arzt, ``Adhesion design maps for bio-inspired attachment systems,'' Acta Biomateriala, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 5-13, 2005, doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2004.08.004.
  15. R. Spolenak, S. Gorb, H. Gao, E. Artz, ``Effects of contact shape on the scaling of biological attachments,'' Proc. R. Soc. A (2005) 461, 305319 doi:10.1098/rspa.2004.1326.
  16. W. Sun, P. Neuzil, T. S. Kustandi, S. Oh, and V.D. Samper, ``The nature of the gecko lizard adhesive force,'' Biophysical Journal: Biophysical Letters,'' L14-L17, 2005.
  17. T. Tang, C-Y. Hui, and N.J. Glassmaker, ``Can a fibrillar interface be stronger and tougher than a non-fibrillar one?'' Jnl. Royal Society Interface, vol. 2, pp. 505-516, 2005.
  18. T. Tong, C. Majidi, Y. Zhao, L. Delzeit, R.E. Groff, P. Reddy, A. Majumdar, A. Kashani, and M. Meyyappan, ``Compressive properties of dense vertically aligned multi-walled carbon nanotube arrays,'' Proc. of NANO2005, ASME Integrated Nanosystems: Design, Synthesis and Applications, Sept. 14-16, 2005 Berkeley CA.
  19. Wang. Mei, Wang, Lin ``Interaction and Simulation Analysis between the Biomimetic Gecko'' Adhesion Array and Rough Surface IEEE Int Conf Mechatronics and Automation Jul 2005
  20. B. Yurdumakan, N.R. Raravikar, P.M. Ajayan, and A. Dhinojwala, ``Synthetic gecko foot-hairs from multiwalled carbon nanotubes,'' Chemical Communications, vol. 2005, pp. 3799-3801.


  1. K. Autumn and W. Hansen, ``Ultrahydrophobicity indicates a non-adhesive default state in gecko setae,'' J. Comp. Physiol. A, vol. 192, pp. 1205-1212, 2006.
  2. K. Autumn, A. Dittmore, D. Santos, M. Spenko, and M. Cutkosky, ``Frictional Adhesion: a new angle on gecko attachment,'' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol. 209, pp. 3569-3579, 2006
  3. K. Autumn, C. Majidi, R.E. Groff, A. Dittmore, and R. Fearing, ``Effective elastic modulus of isolated gecko setal arrays,'' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol. 209, pp. 3558-3568, 2006.
  4. J. Berengueres, K. Takahashi, S. Saito, and K. Tadakuma, ``Magnetic Hair for Wall Mobility,'' IEEE/RSJ Int.Conf. on Intelligent Robots and Systems, pp. 3934-3939, Oct 9-15, 2006, Beijing, China.
  5. J. Berengueres, M. Urago, S. Saito, K. Tadakuma, H. Meguro, ``Gecko inspired electro-static chuck,'' Robio 2006, Kunming China, Dec. 17-20, 2006.
  6. B. Bhushan, A.G. Peressadko, T.-W. Kim, `` Adhesion analysis of two-level hierarchical morphology in natural attachment systems for 'smart adhesion' '', Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, Volume 20, Number 13, 2006, pp. 1475-1491
  7. P. Choi, J.Kim, L.J. Guo, ``Fabrication of synthetic gecko tape and characterization of adhesion forces,'' 50th Int. Conf. on Electron, Ion, and Photon Beam Technology and Nanofabrication, Baltimore, May 30-June 2, 2006.
  8. Z. Dai, M. Yu, and S. Gorb, ``Adhesion Characteristics of Polyurethane for Bionic Hairy Foot,'' Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, published on May 17, 2006
  9. K. Gjerde, J. Kjelstrup-Hansen, C.H. Clausen, K.B.K. Teo, W.I. Millne, H-G. Rubahn, and P. Boggild, ``Carbon nanotube forests: a non-stick workbench for nanomanipulation,'' Nanotechnology, pp. 4917-4922, 2006.
  10. S. Gorb, M. Varenberg, A. Peressadko, and J. Tuma, ``Biomimetic mushroom-shaped fibrillar adhesive microstructure,'' Journal of The Royal Society Interface, doi:10.1098/rsif.2006.0164, 2006.
  11. C-Y. Hui, L. Shen, A. Jagota, K. Autumn, ``Mechanics of anti-fouling or self-cleaning in Geckos,'' Proceedings of the Annual Adhesion Society Meeting (2006).
  12. H. E. Jeong, S. H. Lee, P. Kim, and K. Y. Suh, "Stretched Polymer Nanohairs by Nanodrawing," Nano Letters, vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 1508-1513, 2006.
  13. D.S. Kim, H.S. Lee, J. Lee, S. Kim, K-H. Lee, W. Moon, and T.H. Kwon, ``Replication of high-aspect-ratio nanopillar array for biomimetic gecko foot-hair prototype by UV nano embossing with anodoc aluminum oxide mold,'' Microsystem Technology, DOI 10.1007/s00542-006-0220-1, 2006.
  14. S. Kim and M. Sitti, ``Biologically inspired polymer microfibers with spatulate tips as repeatable fibrillar adhesives,'' Applied Physics Letters, vol. 89, no. 261911, 2006.
  15. J. Kwon, E. Cheung, S. Park, and M. Sitti, "Friction Enhancement via Micro-Patterned Wet Elastomer Adhesives on Small Intestinal Surfaces," Biomedical Materials, vol. 1, pp. 216-220, 2006.
  16. C. Majidi, R.E. Groff, K. Autumn, S. Baek, B.Bush, N. Gravish, R. Maboudian, Y. Maeno, B. Schubert, M. Wilkinson, and R.S. Fearing, ``High friction from a stiff polymer using micro-fiber arrays,'' Physical Review Letters , vol. 97, no. 076103, 18 August 2006.
  17. Niederegger, S., and Gorb, S. N. ``Friction and adhesion in the tarsal and metatarsal scopulae of spiders,'' J. Comp. Physiol. A Neuroethol. Sens. Neural. Behav. Physiol. 192(11):1223-1232, 2006. 1
  18. M.T. Northen and K.L. Turner, ``Batch fabrication and characterization of nanostructures for enhanced adhesion,'' Current Applied Physics, vol. 6, pp. 379-383, 2006.
  19. M.T. Northen and K.L. Turner, ``Meso-scale adhesion testing of integrated micro- and nano-scale structures,'' Sensors and Actuators A, vol. 130-131, pp. 583-587, 2006.
  20. M. T. Northen, K.L. Turner, C. Greiner and E. Arzt, ``A hierarchical gecko-inspired switchable adhesive,'' Hilton Head, 2006.
  21. Peattie, A. M.; Majidi, C.; Corder, A. B.; and Full, R. J. ``Similar Elastic Modulus of Setal Keratin for Two Species of Gecko'' (abstract). Integr. Comp. Biol. 46(s1):e109, 2006.
  22. N. Ren, X. Wang, T. Mei, and H. Wang, ``Detachment Control Analysis for Nanofabricated Adhesive Mimicking Gecko Foot-Hairs,'' IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation, 25-28 June 2006, pp. 267-271.
  23. N.W. Rizzo, K.H. Garner, D.J. Walls, N.M. Keiper-Hrynko, T.S. Ganzke, and D.L. Hallahan, ``Characterization of the structure and composition of gecko adhesive setae,'' J. Royal Soc. Interface, vol. 3, pp. 441-451, 2006.
  24. Schargott, M.; Popov, V. L.; and Gorb, S. ``Spring Model of Biological Attachment Pads'' J. Theor. Biol. 243(1):4853, 2006.
  25. J. Shan, T. Mei, L. Ni, S. Chen, and J. Chu, ``Fabrication and adhesive force analysis of biomimetic gecko foot-hair array,'' Proc. of the 1st IEEE Int. Conf. on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular systems, Zhuhai, China, Jan. 18-21, 2006, pp. 1546-1549.
  26. K. Takahashi, J.O.L. Berengueres, K. J. Obata, and S. Saito, ``Gecko's foot hair structure and their ability to hang from rough surfaces and move quickly,'' Int. Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, vol. 26, pp. 639-643, 2006.
  27. Y. Tian, N. Pesika, H. Zeng, K. Rosenberg, B. Zhao, P. McGuiggan, K. Autumn, and J. Israelachvili, ``Adhesion and friction in gecko toe attachment and detachment,'' Proc. Nat. Acad. Sciences, vol. 103, no. 51, Dec. 19, 2006.
  28. Y.-C. Tsai, W.-P. Shih, Y.-M. Wang, L.-S. Huang, and P.-J. Shih, ``E-Beam photoresist and carbon nanotubes as biomimetic dry adhesives,'' MEMS 2006, pp. 926-929, Istanbul Turkey 22-26, Jan. 2006.
  29. Y.-C. Tsai, P.-J. Shih, T.-H. Lin, and W.-P. Shih, ``Self-cleaning efects of biomimetic dry adhesives,'' Proc. 1st IEEE Int. Conf. on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems, pp. 1388-1391, Zhuhai, China 18-21 Jan. 2006.
  30. M. Varenberg, A. Peressadko, S. Gorb, and E. Arzt, ``Effect of real contact geometry on adhesion,'' Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 89, 121905 (2006)
  31. H. Yao and H. Gao, ``Mechanics of robust and releasable adhesion in biology: bottom up designed hierarchical structures of gecko,'' Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, vol. 54, pp. 1120-1146, 2006.
  32. E-S. Yoon, R.A. Singh, H. Kong, B. Kim, D-H. Kim, H.E. Jong, and K.Y. Suh, ``Tribological properties of bio-mimetic nano-patterned polymeric surfaces on silicon wafer,'' Tribology Letters pp. 31-37, vol. 21, no. 1, Jan. 2006.
  33. Y. Zhao, T. Tong, L. Dezeit, A. Kashani, M. Meyyapan, and A. Majumdar, ``Interfacial energy and strength of multiwalled-carbon-nanotube-based dry adhesive,'' Journal of Vacuum Science B, pp. 331-335, vol. 24, no. 1, Jan. 2006.


  1. B. Aksak, M. P. Murphy, and M. Sitti, ``Adhesion of Biologically Inspired Vertical and Angled Polymer Microfiber Arrays,'' Web Release Date: 07-Feb-2007 Langmuir, ASAP Article 10.1021/la062697t S0743-7463(06)02697-7 Link
  2. B. Aksak, M. Sitti, A. Casell, J. Li, M. Meyyappan, and P. Callen, ``Friction of partially embedded vertically aligned carbon nanofibers inside elastomers,'' Applied Physics Letters, vol. 91, no. 061906, 2007.
  3. Autumn, K., N. Gravish, M. Wilkinson, D. Santos, M. Spenko, and M. Cutkosky. ``Frictional adhesion of natural and synthetic gecko setal arrays,'' Proceedings of the 30th annual meeting of the Adhesion Society:58-60. 2007.
  4. K. Autumn, ``Gecko adhesion: structure, function, and applications,'' MRS Bulletin, vol. 32, pp. 473-478, June 2007.
  5. K. Autumn and N. Gravish, ``Gecko adhesion: evolutionary nanotechnology,'' Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A doi:10.1098/rsta.2007.2173
  6. J. Berengueres, S. Saito and K. Tadakuma, ``Structural properties of a scaled gecko foot-hair,'' Bioinspiration and Biomimetics, p. 1-8, vol. 2, 2007.
  7. B. Bhushan and R. A. Sayer, ``Surface characterization and friction of a bio-inspired reversible adhesive tape,'' Microsystem Technologies, pp. 71-78, Vol. 13, no. 1, January, 2007.
  8. B. Bhushan R. Sayer, ``Gecko Feet: Natural Attachment Systems for Smart Adhesion,'' Applied Scanning Probe Methods Vol. VII - Biomimetics and Industrial Applications, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany, 2007, pp. 41-76.
  9. B. Bhushan, ``Adhesion of multi-level hierarchical attachment systems in gecko feet,'' J. Adhesion Sci. Technol., Vol. 21, No. 12-13, pp. 1213-1258 (2007).
  10. E.P. Chan, C. Greiner, E. Arzt, and A.J. Crosby, ``Designing model systems for enhanced adhesion,'' MRS Bulletin, vol. 32, pp. 496-503, June 2007.
  11. S. Chen and A. K. Soh, ``Tuning the geometrical parameters of biomimetic fibrillar structures to enhance adhesion,'' Journal of the Royal Society Interface, doi: 10.1098/rsif.2007.1121.
  12. A. del Campo and E. Arzt, ``Design parameters and current fabrication approaches for developing bioinspired dry adhesives,'' Macromolecular Bioscience, vol. 7, pp. 118-127, 2007.
  13. A. del Campo, C. Greiner, and E. Arzt, ``Contact shape controls adhesion of bioinspired fibrillar surfaces,'' Langmuir, ASAP Article 10.1021/la7010502 S0743-7463(70)01050-8 Aug. 28, 2007.
  14. del Campo, A., and Greiner, C. ``SU-8: a photoresist for high-aspect-ratio and 3D submicron lithography.'' J. Micromech. Microeng. 17(6):R81-R95, 2007.
  15. A. del Campo, C. Greiner, I. Alvarez, and E. Arzt, ``Patterned surfaces with pillars with controlled 3D tip geometry mimicking bioattachment devices,'' Advanced Materials, vol. 19, pp. 1973-1977, 2007.
  16. L. Ge, S. Sethi, L. Ci, P.M. Ajayan, and A. Dhinojwala, ``Carbon nanotube-based synthetic gecko tapes,'' Proc. Nat. Acad. Sciences, June 19, 2007, 10.1073/pnas.0703505104.
  17. N.J. Glassmaker. A. Jagota, C.Y. Hui, W.L. Noderer, and M.K. Chaudhury, ``Biologically inspired crack trapping for enhanced adhesion,'' Proc. National Academy of Sciences, vol. 104, no. 26, pp. 10786-10791, 26 June 2007.
  18. Gorb, S.N.; Varenberg, M. ``Mushroom-shaped geometry of contact elements in biological adhesive systems'' Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, Volume 21, Numbers 12-13, pp. pp. 1175-1183, 2007. pp. 1175-1183(9)
  19. S.N. Gorb, M. Sinha, A. Peressadko, K.A. Daltorio and R.D. Quinn, ``Insects did it first: a micropatterned adhesive tape for robotic applications,'' Bioinspiration and Biomimetics, S117-S225, 2007.
  20. N. Gravish, M. Wilkinson, and K. Autumn. ``Frictional and elastic energy in gecko adhesive detachment,'' Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 2008, vo. 5, pp. 339, DOI:10.1098/rsif.2007.1077
  21. C. Greiner, A.D. Campo, E. Arzt, ``Adhesion of bioinspired micropatterned surfaces: effects of pillar radius, aspect ratio, and preload,'' Langmuir, Vol. 23, no. 7, pp. 3495-502, Mar. 2007.
  22. G.C. Hill, D.R. Soto, S.J. Lue, A.M. Peattie, R.J. Full, and T.W. Kenny, ``Investigating the role of orientation angle on gecko setae adhesion using a dual-axis MEMS force sensor,'' 14th Int. Conf. on Solid State Sensors, Actuators, and Microsystems, Transducers and Eurosensors 2007, pp. 2263-2266, Lyon France, June 10-14, 2007.
  23. Hui, C-Y.; Jagota, A.; Shen, L.; Rajan, A.; Glassmaker, N.; Tang, T., ``Design of bio-inspired fibrillar interfaces for contact and adhesion theory and experiments,'' Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, Volume 21, Numbers 12-13, pp. pp. 1259-1280, 2007.
  24. G. Huber, S.N. Gorb, N. Hosoda, R. Spolenak, E. Arzt, ``Influence of surface roughness on gecko adhesion,'' Acta Biomaterialia, vol. 3, pp. 607-610, 2007.
  25. S. Kim and M. Sitti, C.Y. Hui, and R. Long, A. Jagota, ``Effect of backing layer thickness on adhesion of single-level elastomer fiber arrays,'' Applied Physics Letters, vol. 91, no. 161905, 2007.
  26. S. Kim, B. Aksak, and M. Sitti, ``Enhanced friction of elastomer microfiber adhesives with spatulate tips,'' Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221913 (2007); DOI:10.1063/1.2820755
  27. T.W. Kim and B. Bhushan, ``Adhesion analysis of multi-level hierarchical attachment system contacting with a rough surface,'' Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 1-20, 2007.
  28. T.W. Kim and and B. Bhushan, "Effect of Stiffness of Multi-Level Hierarchical Attachment System on Adhesion Enhancement," Ultramicroscopy doi:10.1016/j.ultramic.2006.11.008, 2007.
  29. T.W. Kim and B. Bhushan, ``The adhesion model considering capillarity for gecko attachment system ,'' Journal of the Royal Society Interface, doi:10.1098/rsif.2007.1078.
  30. T.W. Kim, and B. Bhushan, ``Optimization of Biomimetic Attachment System Contacting with a Rough Surface,'' Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A, pp. 1003-1012, 2 July 2007.
  31. T.S. Kustandi, V.D. Samper, D.K. Yi, W.S. Ng, P. Neuzil, P. and W. Sun, ``Self-assembled nanoparticles based fabrication of gecko foot-hair-inspired polymer nanofibers,'' Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 17, pp. 2211-2218, August 2007.
  32. T. S. Kustandi, V. D. Samper, W. S. Ng, A. S. Chong and H. Gao, ``Fabrication of a gecko-like hierarchical fibril array using a bonded porous alumina template,'' J. Micromech. Microeng. vol. 17 pp. N75-N81, 2007.
  33. Lamblet, M.; Verneuil, E.; Vilmin, T.; Buguin, A.; Silberzan, P.; and Leger, L. ``Adhesion Enhancement through Micropatterning at Polydimethylsiloxane-Acrylic Adhesive Interfaces,'' Langmuir 23(13):6966-6974, 2007. 6974.
  34. C. Majidi, ``Remarks on formulating an adhesion problem using Eulers elastica,'' Mechanics Research Communications, vol. 34, pp. 85-90, 2007.
  35. C. Majidi, R.E. Groff, and R.S. Fearing, ``Analysis for Shaft-loaded Membrane Delamination using Stationary Principles'' Mathematics and Mechanics of Solids, January 2007, 1081286506068823.
  36. Murphy, M. P.; Aksak, B.; Sitti, Metin ``Adhesion and anisotropic friction enhancements of angled heterogeneous micro-fiber arrays with spherical and spatula tips,'' Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, Volume 21, Numbers 12-13, pp. pp. 1281-1296, 2007.
  37. W.L. Noderer, L. Shen, S. Vajpayee, N.J. Glassmaker, A. Jagota, and C.-Y. Hui, ``Enhanced adhesion and compliance of film-terminated fibrillar surfaces,'' Proc. Royal Soc. A, vol. 463, pp. 2631-2654, 2007.
  38. A.M. Peattie and R.J. Full, ``Phylogenetic analysis of the scaling of wet and dry biological fibrillar adhesives,'' Proc. Nat. Acad. Sciences, vol. 104, no. 47, pp. 18595-18600, Nov. 20, 2007.
  39. A. M. Peattie, C. Majidi, A. Corder, R. J. Full ``Ancestrally high elastic modulus of gecko setal beta-keratin,'' J. Royal Society Interface, Volume 4, Number 17 / December 22, 2007.
  40. B.N.J. Persson, ``Biological adhesion for locomotion: basic principles'' Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, Volume 21, Numbers 12-13, pp. pp. 1145-1173, 2007.
  41. N. Pesika, Y. Tian, B. Zhao, K. Rosenberg, H. Zeng, P. McGuiggan, K. Autumn, and J. Israelachvili. 2007. Geometry-based model of tape peeling applied to the gecko adhesive system. Proceedings of the 30th annual meeting of the Adhesion Society:99-101.
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  1. Ahmadi S and Menon C (2013) ``A New Model for Predicting Fiber Clumping Phenomenon in Bio-Inspired Dry Adhesives,'' Journal of Adhesion,
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  6. Cui, Yanbin;Ju, Yang;Xu, Baiyao;Wang, Peng;Kojima, Naoki;Ichioka, Kazuma; Hosoi, Atsushi; ``Mimicking a gecko's foot with strong adhesive strength based on a spinnable vertically aligned carbon nanotube array,'' RSC Adv., 2014,4, 9056-9060 link DOI: 10.1039/C3RA46113K
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  8. Day P, Eason EV, Esparza N, Christensen D, Cutkosky M. ``Microwedge Machining for the Manufacture of Directional Dry Adhesives,'' ASME. J. Micro Nano-Manuf. 2013;1(1):011001-011001-10. doi:10.1115/1.4023161.
  9. J.P. Diaz Tellez, S Harirchian-Saei, Y Li and C Menon, ``Adhesion enhancement of biomimetic dry adhesives by nanoparticle in situ synthesis ,'' Smart Materials and Structures Volume 22 Number 10, link doi:10.1088/0964-1726/22/10/105031
  10. E.V. Eason, N. Esparza, D. Christensen, M. Cutkosky, ``Micro-Wedge machining for the manufacture of directional dry adhesives,'' Journal of Micro and Nano-Manufacturing, 2013.
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  12. A. G. Gillies, J. Puthoff, M.J. Cohen, K. Autumn, and R. S. Fearing, ``Dry Self-Cleaning Properties of Hard and Soft Fibrillar Structures,'' ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, June 2013 (just accepted) link DOI: 10.1021/am400839n
  13. A. G. Gillies, H. Lin, A. Henry, A. Ren, K. Shiuan, R. S. Fearing and Robert J. Full ``Gecko toe and lamellar shear adhesion on macroscopic, engineered rough surfaces,'' J Exp Biol, online October 10, 2013. link DOI: 10.1242/jeb.092015
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  23. J. Krahn and C. Menon, ``Dry adhesives with sensing features ,'' Smart Materials and Structures Volume 22 Number 8, 2013. link DOI: 10.1088/0964-1726/22/8/085010
  24. J. Krahn and C. Menon, ``Characterization of Dry Adhesives Fabricated Using a Novel Mass Production Manufacturing Technique,'' Macromolecular Reaction Engineering no. 1862-8338, 2013. link DOI: 10.1002/mren.201300111
  25. Krahn, JM, Pattantyus-Abraham, AG, Menon, C, ``Polymeric electro-dry-adhesives for use on conducting surfaces,'' Journal of Materials: Design and Applications, 2013. link doi:10.1177/1464420713509376
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  1. Uyiosa A. Abusomwan, and Metin Sitti, ``Mechanics of Load-Drag-Unload Contact Cleaning of Gecko- Inspired Fibrillar Adhesives,'' Langmuir, 2014 30 (40), pp. 11913-11918. link DOI: 10.1021/la5022998
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